This post was updated October 28, 2018 to include data through the 2018 season as well as data from 1908-15 and to update throughout.
In putting together a batting order, major league managers have traditionally had one iron-clad rule: the pitcher bats ninth. Even pitchers who are excellent hitters are stuck in the last spot in the order. Don Newcombe hit .359 when he won 20 games for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1955, with seven home runs in 117 at-bats, and was used as a pinch-hitter 23 times, but he batted ninth in all 31 of his starts. Wes Ferrell hit .347 as a 25-game winner for the 1935 Boston Red Sox, with seven homers in 150 at-bats (he had a .446 career slugging percentage), and was used as a pinch-hitter 36 times, but batted ninth in all 38 of his starts.
The urge to bat the pitcher ninth is so strong that Hall of Famers Babe Ruth and George Sisler both batted ninth as pitchers in seasons during which they hit in the heart of the order when they played in the field.
But in recent years, some managers have moved the pitcher out of the ninth spot in the order on a frequent basis (one manager, as you may know, far more than others). This post will not include what those managers said about their decisions to modify the traditional batting order, nor will it make any attempt at analysis to determine if using the pitcher elsewhere in the order is more effective. What I will do is quantify the use of this tactic and show the teams and managers that have used it most often.
To get the information, I’ve used Baseball-Reference.com’s Play Index that makes use of the box scores compiled by Retrosheet from 1908 through 2018. I will exclude some players from the discussion because they saw extensive action playing other positions; they’re not what we think of as “pitchers.”
Babe Ruth: When Ruth was a full-time pitcher, through 1917, he batted ninth. But starting in 1918 he saw more action as an outfielder than as a pitcher. In 1918 he batted cleanup while pitching 11 times and seventh once. (He batted ninth in seven of his starts.) In 1919 he batted cleanup in 13 of his mound starts and ninth in the other two. He’s the only starting pitcher since 1908 to bat fourth. (Ruth led the American League in homers in both 1918 and 1919; I wonder if he’s the only player who ever led his league in homers during a season in which he started a game batting ninth?) Ruth started four games as a pitcher for the Yankees, during the years when he was a full-time outfielder, and batted third or fourth in all of them. The Babe may be the only man in major league history to pitch a shutout while batting cleanup, his last major league shutout in 1918. Until 2015, Babe was also the only starting pitcher in postseason history, at least going back to the first World Series in 1903, to bat anywhere other than ninth; he hit sixth for the Red Sox in Game 4 of the 1918 World Series (he drove in Boston’s first two runs and was the winning pitcher). Ruth pitched the first eight innings of that game and spent the ninth inning in left field as Bullet Joe Bush finished the game on the mound; the only other player to pitch and play the field in the same postseason game, going back to 1903, was Cardinals’ reliever Todd Worrell, who finished Game 6 of the 1987 National League Championship Series in right field after pitching an inning. (Cubs manager Joe Maddon put his pitcher in the eighth spot four times in the 2015 postseason; details to follow.)
George Sisler: Sisler was primarily a first baseman and an outfielder as a rookie in 1915, but he also pitched 70 innings. He batted ninth in all of his pitching starts that season, even though he typically batted third (and never ninth) in other games. Sisler also batted ninth in the first game he started on the mound in 1916, despite having batted third or fourth in all his previous starts in the field that year. But in his two pitching starts later that season and one in 1918 he batted third. (That includes the game in which he pitched a 1-0 shutout against Walter Johnson and the Senators, which may make Sisler the only player in major league history to pitch a shutout while batting third.)
Allan Travers: Perhaps you’ve heard of the 1912 game when the Detroit Tigers players went on strike and the team hired a bunch of sandlot players to take their place for the day? Allan Travers, who pitched for Detroit that day, batted third. Travers went the distance on the hill that day and allowed 24 runs, still the most ever allowed by a pitcher in a major league game. It was his only professional baseball appearance; he went on to become a Jesuit priest.
Doc Crandall: Crandall played a handful of games in the infield when he was with the Giants from 1908-13, even starting a few games at first, second and short, and was occasionally used as a pinch-hitter; he was a .285 career hitter. But he was primarily a pitcher, averaging 167 innings per season and establishing himself as one of the game’s earliest relief aces. When he jumped to St. Louis of the Federal League in 1914, he was used extensively at both second base (55 starts) and the mound (21 starts plus six relief appearances). He led the team in batting average with a .309 mark. Just to show how strong the instinct was to bat the pitcher ninth, he normally batted ninth that year when he pitched and higher in the order (as high as third) when he played second, but in his final three pitching starts that year he batted fifth (twice) or sixth. He was used exclusively as a pitcher the next year and won 21 games, while also pinch-hitting 35 times, and he batted seventh in one start. When he joined the St. Louis Browns in 1916 he was almost exclusively a pinch-hitter, and in his final major league season, with the Dodgers in 1918, he started three games on the mound and two in right field.
Ed Konetchy: Konetchy played more than 2,000 career games at first base. He batted in what was then his regular spot in the order, sixth, when he made his one major league pitching start in 1918 for the Boston Braves (pitching a complete game but getting clobbered). Konetchy also made two relief appearances in the majors and got credit for a victory with 4-2/3 innings of shutout relief in a game for the Cardinals in 1913. I have more about both those games in this post.
Jack Bentley: Bentley was both a batting and pitching star in the minor leagues (leading the International League in both RBI and ERA in 1920) and also pitched a little in the majors in his younger days. The New York Giants acquired him in 1923 as a pitcher, but in 1926, the Phillies picked him up and switched him to first base. He normally batted fifth when he played first, and Bentley also hit fifth in his first start as a pitcher that season, although he hit ninth in two later starts.
Bucky Walters: Walters was primarily a third baseman in the majors until he made his first pitching start in the final game of the 1934 season (he batted ninth in that game; in the first game of the doubleheader, starting at third base, he batted seventh, and I wonder if that makes him the only man in major league history to start one game of a doubleheader in the field and the other on the mound). From 1935 on he was primarily a pitcher, normally batting ninth except for a game when he batted seventh in 1935 and a game when he batted eighth (and pitched a shutout) in 1937. (Walters started games in the field in 1935 and 1937 and always batted higher in the order when he did.)
Johnny Lindell: Lindell reached the major leagues as a pitcher, having never played any other position in the minors, but was a full-time outfielder with the Yankees from 1943-50. He then went back to the minors, started pitching again, and returned to the majors as a pitcher in 1953. He typically batted ninth when he pitched that year, but he batted fifth in two of his starts (he also batted fifth in two starts at first base).
Cesar Tovar: Tovar was the starting pitcher and leadoff hitter in the game in which he played all nine positions in 1968. (Obscure fact: no starting pitcher batted in the number two spot in the order in the 1908-2018 period.)
There’s one other pitcher I’m going to exclude: Andy Sonnanstine, because he batted third by accident, not by managerial design. That happened in a game in 2009; Sonnanstine was not listed in the original batting order, but he wound up hitting third after Rays manager Joe Maddon submitted a lineup card with two third basemen and no designated hitter. Sonnanstine took advantage of the rare opportunity to bat in an American League game by hitting an RBI double.
Okay, with those exclusions out of the way, here’s the rundown of times in which a team had the starting pitcher batting somewhere other than the ninth spot, by year, since 1908:
Philadelphia A’s manager Connie Mack dabbled with batting his pitcher eighth in September 1908, the earliest known instances of a pitcher not batting ninth (although it could have been done before that). That month Jack Coombs hit eighth three times and Eddie Plank once. Coombs debuted with the A’s in 1906, but when his arm went bad Mack moved him to the outfield to start the 1908 season, and he started 45 games there before going back to the mound. Plank also batted eighth in a 1910 game. Baseball-Reference.com hasn’t incorporated data from before 1908, so we don’t know if Mack (or anyone else) ever hit his pitcher higher in the order before that. Other pitchers who batted eighth in this period were Ben DeMott of Cleveland in 1911 and Jim Shaw of the Senators in 1914.
The first true pitcher who made extensive starts batting anywhere but ninth was Walter Johnson. In 1914 he batted sixth in his final start of the season (and homered!). In 1915 he batted sixth three times. Then in 1916 he batted seventh eight times, sixth once and batted fifth on June 1, the highest position in the lineup ever (from 1908 on, anyway) for a pitcher who did not also have extensive experience as a position player. That made a total of 10 pitching starts in which Johnson did not bat ninth that year. In 1917 he batted eighth once; in 1918 he batted eighth once and seventh once; in 1919 he batted eighth once and sixth once. Clark Griffith was the Senators’ manager in all those seasons, giving him a known total of 20 games in which he batted the pitcher somewhere other than ninth (including Jim Shaw, mentioned above). From 1920 on Johnson hit only in the ninth spot as a starting pitcher. He actually started six games in the outfield in his career, never batting ninth in any of them (one in 1913 — the final game of the season in which he batted cleanup and also pitched and played second base — one in 1915, two in 1918 and two in 1919), and was a .235 career hitter.
John Picus “Jack” Quinn was nothing special at the plate in the American or National League, but in his two seasons with Baltimore in the Federal League (1914-15) he hit .268 and saw some pinch-hitting duty. In three of his pitching starts in September 1915 he batted sixth.
A starting pitcher batted above the ninth spot just 10 times in this 30-year period, and only one season saw it happen more than once: 1933, when Cincinnati’s Red Lucas batted seventh on August 25 and September 7. Lucas was a .281 lifetime hitter who held the major league record for career pinch-hits for more than 30 years. He also started some games in the field; in 1925, he was the Boston Braves’ second baseman for the first six games of the season, and in 1927 with the Reds he started three games at second base, two games at shortstop and one game in left field, getting at least one hit in each game.
The other pitchers who didn’t bat ninth in this period were George “Hooks” Dauss of the Tigers in 1920 and 1921, Eddie Rommel of the A’s in 1924, Waite Hoyt of the A’s in 1931 (a game in which Rommel started in left field and batted ninth, the first of three consecutive days Rommel started in the outfield), Herman Fink of the A’s in 1937, Curt Davis of the Cardinals in 1938, Jim Tobin of the Braves (managed by Casey Stengel, whose name we’ll see again later) in 1941 and Early Wynn of the Senators in 1947. All hit eighth except for Wynn, who became the first pitcher to be in the starting lineup batting sixth since Walter Johnson in 1919.
This was the first time a pitcher made more than two starts in a season batting outside the ninth spot since Johnson in 1919. The man who did it was Ned Garver, who hit .286 on the season and was used as a pinch-hitter six times for the St. Louis Browns. Garver batted eighth once, seventh once and sixth once. The next year, 1951, Garver was even better, winning 20 games for the last-place Browns (the rest of the team won 32) and batting .305, but he batted ninth in every game he started.
Also in 1950, Gene Bearden batted eighth in a game for the Senators. His manager was Bucky Harris, who will return in a moment.
All starting pitchers batted ninth.
For the first time since 1914 a manager used more than one pitcher in a season outside the ninth spot. That manager was Lou Boudreau, in his first year as skipper of the Boston Red Sox. Boudreau had not used the tactic in his nine years in charge of the Indians, but in 1952 he batted his pitcher eighth twice, seventh once and sixth six times, with six different pitchers involved. Allan Wood wrote extensively about Boudreau’s experiment at The Hardball Times, a story I hadn’t seen until I started researching this post…nicely done, Allan. All other starting pitchers in 1952 batted ninth.
Boudreau also batted his pitcher higher in the order nine times in 1953, eight of them in the sixth spot; those events are also covered in Allan Wood’s post. Casey Stengel, now managing the New York Yankees, used Johnny Sain and Eddie Lopat in the eighth spot once each.
Washington Senators manager Bucky Harris batted Mickey McDermott (a .252 career hitter) in the seventh spot 10 times, the most times any pitcher had hit above the ninth spot in a single season since Walter Johnson (him again) in 1916 (and thus tying Harris with Johnson’s manager, Clark Griffith, as the manager who used the tactic the most times in a season). McDermott was the only pitcher who didn’t bat ninth in ’54.
Stengel broke the single season record held by Harris and Griffith when he batted his pitcher somewhere other than ninth 15 times. Tommy Byrne (a .238 career hitter) batted eighth eight times and seventh three times, and Don Larsen (a .242 career hitter) batted eighth four times and homered in the first of them (the only one of his 14 career homers he hit outside of the ninth spot in the order). Stengel was the only manager who batted a pitcher anywhere but ninth in 1955.
First-year major league manager Bobby Bragan of the Pirates set single-season and career records for batting his pitcher outside the ninth spot when he his pitcher seventh 21 times, all from July 26 through September 3, with seven different pitchers involved. That’s still by far the most games a team has had a pitcher bat seventh (the 1954 Senators with McDermott being next on the list). Stengel batted Larsen and McDermott (now a Yankee) in the eighth spot once apiece in 1956 (giving Stengel a career total of 20). Dick Donovan of the White Sox batted eighth once and never actually got to the plate; he was knocked out of the box in the first inning.
Bragan’s records didn’t last long, thanks to Lou Boudreau, now managing the Kansas City A’s. After his 1952-53 experiment in which he moved the pitcher up in the order a total of 18 times, Boudreau had batted his pitcher ninth in every game with the Red Sox in 1954 and again in every game during his first two seasons in the A’s dugout in ’55 and ’56. But in 1957 Boudreau batted his pitcher eighth for the first 56 games of the season, ending on June 15, bringing his career total to 74. (Boudreau would be fired in early August.)
Bragan batted his pitcher eighth in the first two games of the season and then abandoned the tactic; like Boudreau, he would be fired before the end of the season. Two other managers used a pitcher outside the ninth spot in 1957, to set a record for most managers doing so in one season. Stengel batted Don Larsen eighth twice and seventh three times (bringing Casey’s career total to 25), and Bob Lemon hit seventh once and eighth twice for Cleveland manager Kerby Farrell. Lemon reached the major leagues as a third baseman and opened the 1946 season as the Indians’ center fielder, but he had only 66 major league plate appearances before becoming a full-time pitcher. Although Lemon batted second as a center fielder, he hit ninth as a pitcher in 1946 and in every other game he started except these three.
But after all the records set in 1957, the practice of batting the pitcher anywhere but ninth came to an almost complete halt for 40 years. It didn’t help that the most prominent advocates of the tactic, Boudreau and Bragan, had both been fired; of course, Stengel was the era’s most successful manager, but he used the tactic with some of the best-hitting pitchers of the day (Larsen, Byrne, McDermott).
In this 40-year span a starting pitcher batted anywhere but ninth just five times.
In 1965 Don Drysdale — who hit .300 that year with seven home runs in 130 at-bats and was used as a pinch-hitter 14 times for a woefully weak-hitting Dodger team — batted seventh in a game on August 15.
In 1968 Gary Peters, arguably one of the best hitters on an awful-hitting White Sox squad (he was used as a pinch-hitter 17 times), batted sixth on May 26. No pitcher has appeared that high in the lineup since.
In 1973 Steve Renko, who started his minor league career as a first baseman, batted seventh on August 26 and stroked a single and a double to raise his batting average for the season to that point to .292. This was also the first season of the designated hitter in the American League, meaning the number of teams that could even try to bat the pitcher anywhere but ninth was diminished.
But the next pitcher to move up in the order was an American Leaguer. In 1976 Ken Brett, who finished his career with a .406 slugging percentage, batted eighth in a game on September 23. Brett remains the only pitcher ever to start the game batting anywhere other than the ninth spot (on purpose) in a game in which the designated hitter was available. (Four pitchers have hit for themselves and batted ninth in a game with the DH: Ferguson Jenkins on the last day of the season in 1974 (he singled and scored the game’s first run on the way to his 25th win of the year), Ken Holtzman on the next-to-last day of the season in 1975, Brett in 1976 and Madison Bumgarner of the National League’s Giants in a 2016 game at Oakland in which the DH was allowed.)
More than 19 years after any starting pitcher had batted anywhere than ninth, Tony La Russa of the St. Louis Cardinals shook things up. Starting July 9, La Russa batted his pitcher in the eighth spot in each of the last 77 games of the season, breaking Lou Boudreau’s season and career records. Kent Mercker even hit a grand slam home run as the number eight hitter on September 2, the only homer of his major league career.
La Russa’s tactic didn’t catch on, even with La Russa (yet). All starting pitchers batted ninth during this five-year period.
Tomo Ohka, who went just 2-for-25 on the season and hit just .138 in his major league career, batted eighth for Montreal manager Frank Robinson on May 30. The Expos had lost eight of their previous nine games, and Robinson said he wanted “to try something different.”
Dontrelle Willis, one of the better-hitting pitchers of the modern era (a .244 career average with nine homers in 389 at-bats), was moved up in the lineup four times by manager Jack McKeon, batting eighth twice and seventh twice. When he batted seventh in the final game of the season on October 2, it marked the last time as of this writing that a starting pitcher batted above the eighth spot.
As of this writing, this is the last year that all starting pitchers batted ninth.
La Russa goes all the way, batting his pitcher eighth in all 153 games in which the Cardinals could not use a designated hitter. And for the first time since 1957, multiple managers used the tactic. Milwaukee’s Ned Yost batted his pitcher eighth 42 times in the Brewers’ first 49 games. Pittsburgh’s John Russell batted his pitcher eighth 26 times in a 27-game stretch from June 30 through July 30. And Arizona manager Bob Melvin batted Micah Owings (who had a career major league average of .283 with a .502 slugging percentage) eighth on June 4. The total of 222 times that a starting pitcher did not bat ninth in 2008 was the most of any season to that point. And 2008 saw the first games in major league history in which neither team batted the pitcher ninth; details are coming up.
La Russa batted his pitcher eighth 55 times through July 21, then abandoned the tactic for the rest of the season, including the three-game playoff series against the Dodgers. A record total of five teams had their pitcher bat outside the ninth spot at least once. Milwaukee manager Ken Macha did it nine times in August; the Dodgers’ Joe Torre did it eight times; San Diego’s Bud Black did it three straight games in June; and Kansas City’s Zack Greinke became the first American League pitcher to bat eighth since 1976 on June 23.
La Russa batted his pitcher eighth in 77 games, while in Pittsburgh John Russell, who did not bat his pitcher eighth in 2009, did so in the Pirates’ first 24 games. Milwaukee’s Macha did it three times and San Francisco’s Bruce Bochy hit Tim Lincecum in the eighth spot on May 20.
The pitcher-hits-eighth tactic died down, as LaRussa did so only 14 times, never after July 19, including the postseason in which the Cards won the World Series. Washington’s Jim Riggelman batted the pitcher eighth in 11 straight games in June, and Atlanta’s Fredi Gonzalez did it three times in August.
With La Russa retired and his successor Mike Matheny always batting his pitcher ninth, pitchers batted eighth fewer times than in any season since the tactic was revived in 2007. Atlanta’s Gonzalez had the pitcher bat eighth five times in an eight-game stretch in late May and early June, making him the only manager to do so more than once. Madison Bumgarner batted eighth for the Giants’ Bochy on May 16, and Cubs skipper Dale Sveum had Jeff Samardzija bat eighth on September 8.
Only two starting pitchers batted anywhere other than ninth. David Phelps batted eighth for the Yankees and manager Joe Girardi in a game at Colorado on May 8, and Jeremy Hellickson batted eighth for the Rays and manager Joe Maddon in a game at Dodger Stadium on August 11. It was the first time using the tactic for both managers (well, for Madden, the first time he had the pitcher bat somewhere other than ninth on purpose).
A slight revival in the tactic, as four managers put their pitcher in the eighth spot a total of 27 times. Atlanta’s Fredi Gonzalez did it 10 times in an 11-game stretch in May and the Mets’ Terry Collins likewise did so 10 times (five times with rookie Jacob deGrom, who collected a pair of hits in the eighth spot and batted .217 on the season). Tampa Bay skipper Joe Maddon did it six times (and got RBI from Jake Odorizzi and Alex Cobb) and San Diego’s Bud Black did it May 18 at Denver with Donn Roach.
[ADDED 4/10/15]: Today’s Cubs-Rockies game features pitcher Travis Wood (with nine home runs in 239 career at-bats at the start of the game) batting eighth for the Cubs and Tyler Matzek bating eighth for the Rockies (adding Colorado manager Walt Weiss to the list of skippers who have used this tactic). Matzek doubled in what turned out to be his only at-bat and scored the game’s first run. ESPN SweetSpot blogger Richard Bergstrom alerted me to this and wrote about it here. Richard asked if this was the first time ever both teams had the pitcher higher than ninth in the order. Turns out it had happened 11 times in 2008, all in games involving Tony La Russa (click on the dates to see the box score).
|Date||Visitor (Pitcher)||Home (Pitcher)|
|4/15/2008||Milwaukee (Dave Bush)||St. Louis (Braden Looper)|
|4/16/2008||Milwaukee (Carlos Villanueva)||St. Louis (Adam Wainwright)|
|4/21/2008||St. Louis (Adam Wainwright)||Milwaukee (Carlos Villanueva)|
|4/22/2008||St. Louis (Kyle Lohse)||Milwaukee (Manny Parra)|
|5/9/2008||St. Louis (Todd Wellemeyer)||Milwaukee (Manny Parra)|
|5/10/2008||St. Louis (Joel Pineiro)||Milwaukee (Ben Sheets)|
|5/11/2008||St. Louis (Braden Looper)||Milwaukee (Jeff Suppan)|
|5/12/2008||St. Louis (Adam Wainwright)||Milwaukee (Dave Bush)|
|7/11/2008||St. Louis (Kyle Lohse)||Pittsburgh (Zach Duke)|
|7/12/2008||St. Louis (Todd Wellemeyer)||Pittsburgh (Yoslan Herrera)|
|7/13/2008||St. Louis (Joel Pineiro)||Pittsburgh (Ian Snell)|
Ned Yost managed the Brewers in those games, John Russell the Pirates.
Starting pitchers batted eighth 283 times in 2015, the most for any season to date, as 13 managers used the tactic, more than double the previous season record of five set in 2009. Cubs manager Joe Maddon led the way by hitting his pitcher eighth in 140 of the Cubs’ 152 games that didn’t allow a designated hitter, moving into second place behind Tony La Russa on the career list, and only La Russa in 2008 did this more often in a season.
Unlike La Russa, Maddon also batted his pitcher eighth in the postseason, although not in every game. Kyle Hendricks and Jason Hammel each hit eighth in their playoff starts, once each in the National League Division Series and the National League Championship Series, making them the only pitchers aside from Babe Ruth to bat higher than ninth in the postseason, at least since 1903.
Cincinnati’s Bryan Price, a former pitcher, put his hurler in the ninth spot in all non-DH games in his first year as a manager in 2014, but in 2015 he hit the pitcher eighth 58 times and moved into fourth place on the career list.
Other managers who had the pitcher bat eighth more than once in 2015 were the Mets’ Terry Collins (25), San Diego interim manager Pat Murphy (23), Milwaukee’s Craig Counsell (12), Colorado’s Walt Weiss (8), Arizona’s Chip Hale (6), Minnesota’s Paul Molitor (5) and the Dodgers’ Don Mattingly (2). Kansas City’s Ned Yost (with Jeremy Guthrie), the Angels’ Mike Scoscia (with Jered Weaver), Miami’s Dan Jennings (with David Phelps) and San Francisco’s Bruce Bochy (with Madison Bumgarner) all did so one each. For Scoscia, it was the first time he hit his pitcher anywhere other than ninth in his first 16 seasons as a major league manager, although it should be noted the Angels have played only 147 games without the DH in that time.
The April 10 Cubs-Rockies game was the first of 14 in 2015 in which both pitchers batted eighth. There were 13 such games through July 20, all of them involving the Cubs or the Mets (three of them involving both), then the only game after that involved neither of them. Here’s the full list (which I fixed on 4/4/16, thank you Diane Firstman):
|Date||Visitor (Pitcher)||Home (Pitcher)|
|4/10/2015||Cubs (Travis Wood)||Colorado (Tyler Matzek)|
|4/12/2015||Cubs (Kyle Hendricks)||Colorado (Jordan Lyles)|
|5/12/2015||Mets (Noah Syndergaard)||Cubs (Jake Arrieta)|
|5/16/2015||Milwaukee (Matt Garza)||Mets (Jacob de Grom)|
|5/17/2015||Milwaukee (Wily Peralta)||Mets (Noah Syndergaard)|
|6/11/2015||Cincinnati (Michael Lorenzen)||Cubs (Tsuyoshi Wada)|
|6/12/2015||Cincinnati (Johnny Cueto)||Cubs (Jason Hammel)|
|6/13/2015||Cincinnati (Mike Leake)||Cubs (Kyle Hendricks)|
|6/14/2015||Cincinnati (Anthony DeSclafani)||Cubs (Jon Lester)|
|6/26/2015||Cincinnati (Johnny Cueto)||Mets (Noah Syndergaard)|
|6/30/2015||Cubs (Kyle Hendricks)||Mets (Jon Niese)|
|7/2/2015||Cubs (Jake Arrieta)||Mets (Jacob de Grom)|
|7/20/2015||Cubs (Clayton Richard)||Cincinnati (Michael Lorenzen)|
|9/1/2015||San Francisco (Madison Bumgarner)||Dodgers (Zack Grienke)|
Rookie Michael Lorenzen of the Reds, a slugging outfielder as a collegian at Cal State Fullerton who was used four times as a pinch-hitter in 2015, hit .368 (7-for-19) in 11 games he started batting in the eighth spot, with a triple and four RBI. His teammate Anthony DeSclafani was 5-for-11 with a double in his first six starts batting eighth, 0-for-10 in last last five.
Jake Arrieta of the Cubs was 0-for-27 in his first 12 starts batting eighth, and 0-for-9 in his last three, but in the 12 starts in between he went 9-for-33 (.273) with a double, a triple and a home run (he also hit a home run in one of his four starts batting ninth, and those homers accounted for his only two RBI in 83 plate appearances).
ADDED 4/4/16: Thanks to Diane Firstman at her Value Over Replacement Grit blog, who notes today’s game between the Giants and Brewers marks the first Opening Day game in which both pitchers batted eighth (Madison Bumgarner and Wily
Coyote Peralta). Check out her post here.
A record 14 managers batted the pitcher eighth in 2016, a total of 171 times…but there were signs use of the tactic was actually cooling off, as the pitcher hit eighth just 12 times after the All-Star break (65 times in April, 62 times in May). Joe Maddon hit his pitcher eighth 140 times in 2015 but did so only nine times in 2016, and Cincinnati’s Bryan Price reduced his use of the tactic from 58 times in 2015 to 13 in 2016, all of them in April.
On the other hand, two veteran managers increased their usage in 2016. San Francisco’s Bruce Bochy, who hit his pitcher eighth just three times in his first 21 seasons in the dugout, did so 27 times in 2016. (Eleven times that pitcher was Madison Bumgarner, who hit a homer off Clayton Kershaw while batting eighth on April 9. Bochy also allowed Bumgarner to hit for himself in a game at Oakland on June 30 in which the designated hitter was allowed…the first time a manager had eschewed the DH — except for the Andy Sonnanstine snafu — since 1976.) And the Angels’ Mike Scioscia, who hit his pitcher eighth only once in his first 16 seasons as a manager, did so in all 10 of his non-DH games in 2016. Bochy and Scoscia were among the few managers (only five) who used the tactic after August 1.
Four managers joined the pitcher-batting-eighth club in 2016, and one of them used the tactic more than anyone else during the season: Pete Mackanin of the Phillies, who did so 35 times, all in a 56-game stretch from April 20 through June 20. Other newbies were Brian Snitker, who did it 15 times after taking over as Atlanta’s manager on May 17 (his predecessor, Fredi Gonzalez, did it seven times); San Diego’s Andy Green, who did it five times; and Texas’ Jeff Bannister, who did it once.
Other skippers who hit their pitcher eighth in 2016: Arizona’s Chip Hale (30, including Zack Greinke 14 times, the most any pitcher batted eighth in 2016; Greinke was 8-for-31 in those games for a .258 average, just 3-for-21 in his other games); Milwaukee’s Craig Counsell (12); Colorado’s Walt Weiss (4); Minnesota’s Paul Molitor (2); and the Mets’ Terry Collins (1).
There were 11 games in which both starting pitchers batted eighth in 2016, but the last of them came on May 22.
2016 was just a temporary decline in batting the pitcher eighth for the Cubs’ Joe Maddon, as he put the pitcher in the eighth spot 54 times in 2017. But the last of those came on June 28, and he hit his pitcher ninth in all the Cubs’ postseason games. Five other managers used the tactic, all of whom had done so before: Miami’s Don Mattingly (five times), San Diego’s Andy Green (three), the Mets’ Terry Collins (two), Colorado’s Bud Black (one) and the Angels’ Mike Scioscia (one). The pitcher hit eighth only three times after the All-Star break. There were no games in which both pitchers hit eighth.
Batting the pitcher eighth may have faded out late in the 2017 season, but it came back strong in 2018, as it was done a total of 282 times by 11 different managers, including nine of the 15 teams in the National League. (Aaron Boone was the only American League manager to do so, in four games at N.L. parks.) Only 2015 saw the pitcher bat eighth more often, and just barely. Fourteen games saw both pitchers bat eighth. tying the record set in 2015.
A lot of the jump in use of this tactic came from first-time managers, especially the Mets’ Mickey Callaway (49 times), Philadelphia’s Gabe Kapler (36) and Washington’s Dave Martinez (29). Joe Maddon did it 53 times, similar to his 2017 total. But the unlikely leader in this category was a 65-year-old man who first managed in the majors in 1992.
Jim Riggelman had hit his pitcher eighth 11 times when he managed Washington in 2011, but after he took over the Reds in April 2018 he went wild, batting the pitcher eighth 90 times! Only Maddon and Tony La Russa have done it more in a season…heck, only Maddon and La Russa have done it more in a career. Riggelman took over the managerial reins from Bryan Price, a former pitcher who is also among the all-time leaders in batting the pitcher eighth (and did so in seven of the 18 games he managed in 2018).
Other skippers who hit the pitcher eighth in 2018 were Atlanta’s Brian Snitker (7 times), Miami’s Don Mattingly (3), San Diego’s Andy Green (2) and San Francisco’s Bruce Bochy (2), all of whom had used the tactic before. (By the way, neither Snitker nor Maddon hit the pitcher eighth in the postseason; they were the only managers who used the tactic during the regular season who advanced to the playoffs.)
Cincinnati’s Luis Castillo and Matt Harvey hit eighth the most often, 19 times each (two of Harvey’s came when he was with the Mets). Anthony DeSclafani of the Reds had six hits while batting eighth, the most of any pitcher, including a grand slam home run June 23. He was one of three pitchers who homered batting eighth, along with Cole Hamels of the Cubs and Steven Matz of the Mets; that’s the most homers in a seaon for pitchers batting eighth.
Looking at all the starting pitchers who batted eighth, they hit .133 in those games (69-for-518), a little better than pitchers hit in all other at-bats (.113).
Here is the list of the managers who have batted their pitcher outside the ninth spot from 1908 through 2018. (Instances with the players I excluded at the start of this article are not included.) An asterisk means that man also managed before 1908, but any instances of batting the pitcher higher in the order during that time are not included.
|Tony La Russa||432|
These managers batted a pitcher higher than ninth once each: Walter Alston, Jeff Bannister, Ossie Bluege, Ty Cobb, Frank Frisch, Joe Girardi, Trey Hillman, Dan Jennings, Hughie Jennings*, Fielder Jones*, Marty Marion, Gene Mauch, Bob Melvin, Danny Ozark, Paul Richards, Frank Robinson, Eddie Stanky, George Stovall and Dale Sveum.
And here’s the list of single-season leaders in batting the pitcher higher than ninth:
|Tony La Russa||153||2008 Cardinals|
|Joe Maddon||140||2015 Cubs|
|Jim Riggelman||90||2018 Reds|
|Tony La Russa||77||1998 Cardinals|
|Tony La Russa||77||2010 Cardinals|
|Bryan Price||58||2015 Reds|
|Lou Boudreau||56||1957 A’s|
|Tony La Russa||55||2009 Cardinals|
|Joe Maddon||54||2017 Cubs|
|Joe Maddon||53||2018 Cubs|
|Mickey Callaway||49||2018 Mets|
|Gabe Kapler||36||2018 Phillies|
|Pete Mackanin||35||2016 Phillies|
|Chip Hale||30||2016 Diamondbacks|
Adam Wainwright has batted eighth as a pitcher more than anyone else, 60 times, and didn’t embarrass himself, with 33 hits, a .212 batting average, three homers (one of them the first time he batted eighth, in 2007) and 13 RBI. No other pitcher has ever hit more than one homer batting eighth (the pitchers who hit one are Jake Arrieta, Madison Bumgarner, Chris Carpenter, Anthony DeSclafani, Yovani Gallardo, Cole Hamels Alex Kellner, Don Larsen, Mickey McDermott, Kent Mercker, Steven Metz and Bob Lemon). McDermott batted seventh as a pitcher 10 times (all in 1954), more than anyone else, and hit .219 in those games.
Higher up in the order…Babe Ruth hit a home run in a game he started (and went all the way) on the mound and batted third in 1933, and twice he hit a a home run when he pitched and batted fourth in 1919. Doc Crandall hit a home run when he pitched and batted fifth in the Federal League in 1914, and Walter Johnson homered when he pitched and batted sixth that same year.
I’ve worked to make this completely accurate, but if you find any errors or omissions here, please let me know. I’ll be happy to give you credit when I fix it.